C# driver

C# logo

Fauna’s open source C# driver provides the resources required to interact with Fauna for C# and Mono developers.

Current stable version

3.0.0

Repository

Installation

Install the Nuget package by adding the package reference to your MSBuild project:

<Project Sdk="Microsoft.NET.Sdk">
    <PropertyGroup>
        <OutputType>Exe</OutputType>
        <TargetFramework>netcoreapp3.1</TargetFramework>
    </PropertyGroup>
    <ItemGroup>
        <PackageReference Include="FaunaDB.Client" Version="3.0.0" />
    </ItemGroup>
</Project>

or by using your IDE and searching for FaunaDB.Client.

Usage

Here is an example demonstrating how to use the C# driver to execute a simple query on Fauna:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using FaunaDB.Client;
using FaunaDB.Types;

using static FaunaDB.Query.Language;

namespace FaunaDBProject
{
    class FaunaDBHelloWorld
    {
        static readonly string ENDPOINT = "https://db.fauna.com:443";
        static readonly string SECRET = "<<YOUR-SECRET-HERE>>";

        static void ProcessData(Value[] values)
        {
            foreach (Value value in values)
            {
                //do something
            }
        }
        static async Task DoQuery(FaunaClient client)
        {
            Value result = await client.Query(Paginate(Match(Index("spells"))));
            IResult<Value[]> data = result.At("data").To<Value[]>();

            data.Match(
                Success: value => ProcessData(value),
                Failure: reason => Console.WriteLine($"Something went wrong: {reason}")
            );
        }

        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            var client = new FaunaClient(endpoint: ENDPOINT, secret: SECRET);

            DoQuery(client).Wait();
        }
    }
}

How to instantiate a Fauna FaunaClient

var client = new FaunaClient(
    endpoint: ENDPOINT,
    secret: SECRET,
    httpClient: HTTP_CLIENT,
    timeout: TIMEOUT
);

secret is the only required argument. All other arguments are optional.

You can also pass a custom HttpClient when creating a new FaunaClient:

// using System.Net.Http;
var http = new HttpClient();

// The default request headers can be any string values,
// but should be specific to your application.
http.DefaultRequestHeaders.Add("X-Custom-Header", "42");

http.Timeout = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(15);

var client = new FaunaClient(
    "secret",
    "http://localhost:9090/",
    httpClient: http
);

How to execute a query

Value result = await client.Query(Paginate(Match(Index("spells"))));

The Query method receives an Expr object. Expr objects can be composed with others Expr to create complex query objects. FaunaDB.Query.Language is a helper class where you can find all available expressions in the library.

You can also pass a TimeSpan queryTimeout argument as a second parameter when calling Query:

Value result = await client.Query(
    Paginate(Match(Index("spells"))),
    TimeSpan.FromSeconds(42)
);

The queryTimeout has a resolution of milliseconds. When the timeout period has elapsed, the server terminates the query and returns an error.

How to access objects fields and convert to primitive values

Objects fields are accessed through At methods of Value class. It’s possible to access fields by names if the value represents an object or by index if it represents an array. Also, it’s possible to convert Value class to its primitive correspondent using To methods specifying a type.

IResult<Value[]> data = result.At("data").To<Value[]>();

How work with IResult<T> objects

This object represents the result of an operation and it might be success or a failure. All conversion operations returns an object like this. This way it’s possible to avoid check for null-ability everywhere in the code.

data.Match(
    Success: value => ProcessData(value),
    Failure: reason => Console.WriteLine($"Something went wrong: {reason}")
);

Optionally it’s possible transform one IResult<T> into another IResult<U> of different type using Map and FlatMap.

IResult<int> result = <<...>>;
IResult<string> result.Map(value => value.toString());

If result represents an failure all calls to Map and FlatMap are ignored. See FaunaDB.Types.Result.

How to work with user-defined classes

Instead of manually creating your objects via the DSL (e.g. the Obj() method), you may use the Encoder class to convert a user-defined type into the equivalent Value type.

For example:

class Product
{
    [FaunaField("description")]
    public string Description { get; set; }

    [FaunaField("price")]
    public double Price { get; set; }

    [FaunaConstructor]
    public Product(string description, double price)
    {
        Description = description;
        Price = price;
    }
}

To persist an instance of Product in Fauna:

Product product = new Product("Smartphone", 649.90);

await client.Query(
    Create(
        Collection("product"),
        Obj("data", Encoder.Encode(product))
    )
);

To convert from a Value type back to the Product type, you can use a Decoder:

Value value = await client.Query(Get(Ref(Collection("product"), "123456789")));

Product product = Decoder.Decode<Product>(value.At("data"));

or via the To<T>() helper method:

Value value = await client.Query(Get(Ref(Collection("product"), "123456789")));

IResult<Product> product = value.At("data").To<Product>();
product.Match(
    Success: p => Console.WriteLine("Product loaded: {0}", p.Description),
    Failure: reason => Console.WriteLine($"Something went wrong: {reason}")
);

// or even:

Product productLoaded = value.At("data").To<Product>().Value;
Console.WriteLine("Product loaded: {0}", prod.Description);

Note that in this case the return type is IResult<T>.

There are three attributes that can be used to change the behavior of the Encoder and Decoder:

  • FaunaField: Used to override a custom field name and/or provide a default value for that field. If this attribute is not specified, the member name will be used instead. Can be used on fields, properties and constructor arguments.

  • FaunaConstructor: Used to mark a constructor or a public static method as the method used to instantiate the specified type. This attribute can be used only once per class.

  • FaunaIgnore: Used to ignore a specific member. Can be used on fields, properties and constructors arguments. If used on a constructor argument, that argument must have a default value.

Encoder and Decoder can currently convert:

  • Primitive scalar types (int, long, string, etc.)

  • Primitive arrays, generic collections such as List<T>, and their respective interfaces such as IList<T>.

  • Dictionaries with string keys, such as Dictionary<string, T> and its respective interface IDictionary<string, T>.

Next steps

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