CreateCollection

CreateCollection( param_object )
CreateCollection( param_object )
CreateCollection( param_object )
CreateCollection( param_object )
create_collection( param_object )
CreateCollection( param_object )

Description

The CreateCollection function is used to create a collection that groups documents. Once the collection has been created, it is possible to create documents within the collection. You cannot create a collection and insert documents into that collection in the same transaction.

Unique name required

The collection name must be unique within the database. If you try to lookup a collection by name and only create it if it does not exist, the operation might fail if another transaction has created the collection in the meantime.

Parameters

Argument Type Definition and Requirements

param_object

The param_object fields are described below.

param_object

Field Name Field Type Definition and Requirements

name

The name of the collection. Collections cannot be named any of the following reserved words: events, set, self, documents, or _.

data

Optional - This is user-defined metadata for the collection. It is provided for the developer to store information at the collection level.

history_days

Optional - The number of days that document history is retained for in this collection. The default is 30 days.

Setting history_days to null retains this collection’s history forever. Setting history_days to 0 retains only the current version of each document in this collection; no history is retained.

ttl_days

Optional - The number of days documents are retained for this collection. Documents which have not been updated within the configured TTL duration are removed. Setting ttl_days to null retains documents forever. The default is null.

permissions

Optional - Provides the ability to enable permissions at the collection level. See collection permissions for additional details.

Returns

An object containing the fields returned by the CreateCollection function is described below.

Field Name Field Type Definition and Requirements

ref

The reference is an automatically generated identifier within the database to uniquely identify the collection that was created.

name

The name of the collection that was created.

ts

The timestamp, with microsecond resolution, associated with the creation of the collection.

history_days

The number of days to retain history. 0 means that no history is retained for any document in this collection; only the current version is retained. null means that history is retained indefinitely.

Examples

The following query creates a collection called "boons" with defaults:

curl https://db.fauna.com/ \
    -u fnAChGwBcAACAO70ziE0cfROosNJHdgBmJU1PgpL: \
    -d '{ "create_collection": { "object": { "name": "boons" } } }'
client.Query(CreateCollection(Obj("name", "boons")));
System.out.println(
      client.query(
            CreateCollection(Obj("name", Value("boons")))
      ).get());
result, _ := client.Query(f.CreateCollection(f.Obj{"name": "boons"}))

fmt.Println(result)
client.query(CreateCollection(Obj("name" -> "boons")))
client.query(q.create_collection({"name": "boons"}))
client.query(q.CreateCollection({ name: 'boons' }))
.then((ret) => console.log(ret))
HTTP/1.1 201 Created
{
  "resource": {
    "ref": { "@ref": "classes/boons" },
    "collection": { "@ref": "collections" },
    "ts": 1509244539971619,
    "history_days": 30,
    "name": "boons"
  }
}
{
  "ref": { "@ref": "classes/boons" },
  "collection": { "@ref": "collections" },
  "ts": 1509244539971619,
  "history_days": 30,
  "name": "boons"
}
{
  ref: ref(id = "boons", collection = ref(id = "collections")),
  ts: 1526674566802938,
  history_days: 30,
  name: "boons"
}
map[ref:{boons 0xc4201f2fa0 <nil>} ts:1527277025406385 history_days:30 name:boons]
{
  "ref": { "@ref": "classes/boons" },
  "collection": { "@ref": "collections" },
  "ts": 1509244539971619,
  "history_days": 30,
  "name": "boons"
}
{
  "ref": { "@ref": "classes/boons" },
  "collection": { "@ref": "collections" },
  "ts": 1509244539971619,
  "history_days": 30,
  "name": "boons"
}
{ ref: Ref(id=boons, collection=Ref(id=collections)),
  ts: 1527274777496292,
  history_days: 30,
  name: 'boons' }

Was this article helpful?

We're sorry to hear that.
Tell us how we can improve!
Visit Fauna's Discourse forums or email docs@fauna.com

Thank you for your feedback!